HEREDITARY ONCOLOGICAL SYNDROMES
Cancer is currently one of the most common diseases of affluence. Within this group of diseases, there is a smaller subgroup that is characterized by its heredity. This is a group of so-called hereditary oncological diseases or hereditary oncological syndromes. Hereditary oncological syndromes tested include hereditary breast and ovarian cancer, hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (Lynch syndrome), familial adenomatous polyposis of the intestine, medullary thyroid cancer and various types of leukaemia. Rarer hereditary oncological syndromes include Li-Fraumeni syndrome, Cowden syndrome, Von Hippel-Lindau syndrome, familial melanoma syndrome, hereditary diffuse gastric cancer and others.