Human papillomavirus (HPV)
Detection of HPV virus in the body
Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the most common sexually transmitted infection worldwide. Some types of papillomaviruses can cause malignant and benign cancers of the cervix, genitals, head and neck, others can cause genital warts. Microbiological testing for the 24 most risky types of HPV can detect infection and associated risks before pathological changes in the body or the first symptoms appear, thus contributing significantly to the early initiation of appropriate treatment.
IN WHICH SITUATIONS IT IS APPROPRIATE TO TAKE THE TEST
You want to prevent potential risks in time.
You suffer from discharge, itching or a rash in the genital area.
You had unprotected sexual intercourse with a risky person.
You have developed some manifestations of the disease.
You're planning on getting the HPV vaccine.
Cervical cancer is one of the most common and most dangerous cancers in the Czech Republic. The overwhelming majority of cases are caused by persistent infection with the human papillomavirus, which affects up to 80% of the population during their lifetime. In most cases, our immune system can eliminate the infection, but in some people it persists and causes serious health complications.
HPV is transmitted by direct contact with an infected person through mucous membranes and microtrauma to the skin, most commonly as a result of sexual intercourse. The clinical manifestations of the infection are very diverse, with the genital and anal areas affected, and possibly other mucosal areas such as the mouth, nose, conjunctivae and throat. But for some, the infection may be subtle.
Our test screens for the 24 riskiest HPV types, including high-risk HPV 16 and HPV 18, which cause up to 70% of cervical cancers. Proof of the presence of the virus does not automatically mean proof of cancer, but more frequent monitoring of the patient's health to detect possible cancer early. The results of the examination can detect infection and serious changes in the cervix before the first symptoms appear, and thus contribute significantly to the timely initiation of appropriate treatment.
HOW THE TEST WORKS AND WHAT YOU CAN EXPECT
After ordering the test, you will receive an email with detailed information. Depending on the chosen test, the sample required for analysis can be collected in our outpatient clinic by cervical swab for women (self-collection), urethral swab for men, rectal swab, throat swab and/or blood collection. In the case of an indication to the health insurance company, the sample will be taken by the attending gynaecologist or urologist. The result of the analysis will be communicated to you over the phone and we will discuss how you wish to send the laboratory report. In the event of a positive result, we will arrange a consultation with a doctor who will explain everything to you and recommend appropriate measures.